The symptoms of coronary artery disease can range from mild to severe:
Chest pain or discomfort; it can feel like squeezing or pressure, but usually goes away after a few minutes.
Shortness of breath
This could mean feeling short of breath when being active or at rest; feeling short of breath for a period of time may mean you are experiencing heart failure.
A heart failure occurs when the plaque in an artery ruptures, and the blood clot formed around the rupture partially or fully blocks part of the artery; a typical symptom of a heart failure is chest pain that does not go away.
Advanced heart failure symptoms
Low Ejection Fraction
The amount of blood your heart is able to pump is less than 35%. Normal is 55-70%.
Shortness of breath
You may have trouble catching your breath when doing regular activities.
Swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, stomach, and veins in the neck.
A cough could be a sign that fluid is building up in your lungs as a result of heart failure. The cough may worsen at night, or when lying down.
Fluid in and around lungs
This fluid build-up contributes to the shortness of breath you may experience.
Part 2: Doctor Discussion Guide
Consider using this to review your treatment options for severe coronary artery disease and/or advanced heart failure with your cardiologist
I am experiencing symptoms from my severe CAD. What can I do to improve my symptoms?
Am I considered a high risk patient for surgery?
Am I considered high risk for PCI?
If I am considered high risk, is Protected PCI an appropriate option for me?
Do you recommend the use of Impella® for cardiac support during my PCI?
Can you recommend an interventional cardiologist that offers Protected PCI?
How will my recovery differ with Protected PCI?
Dangas GD, Kini AS, Sharma SK, et al. Am J Cardiol. 2014;113(2):222-228.
Maini B, Gregory D, Scotti DJ, et al. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2014 May 1;83(6):E183-92.
Gregory D, Scotti DJ. J Manag Care Med. 2013:16(1):61-9.